L-1 for sole proprietorship: USCIS updates it policy

The L-1 nonimmigrant visa classification is an essential instrument for multinational companies that need to temporarily transfer employees from foreign offices to U.S. locations. This visa classification allows managerial, executive, or specialized knowledge staff to come to the U.S. temporarily for work purposes. However, not all entities can petition for the L-1 visa, and the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) has updated its policy to clarify several aspects related to the eligibility criteria especially concerning L-1 for sole proprietorship. In this blog post, we will delve into the critical aspects of this policy update to provide a comprehensive understanding of its implications.

The Sole Proprietorship Clause

The Policy Manual update clarifies that a sole proprietorship may not file an L-1 petition on behalf of its owner. In other words, you cannot file an L-1 visa petition for yourself if you are the sole owner and employee of a business.

Distinction for Self-Incorporated Petitioner

The update is crucial in distinguishing this scenario from a self-incorporated petitioner. If the entity is a corporation or a limited liability company (LLC) with a single owner, it may file an L-1 petition for that owner, given that the organization is a separate and distinct legal entity from the individual. Thus, structure matters, and understanding this subtle but crucial difference is key to determining eligibility.

Clarification on Blanket Petitions

Multinational organizations often file what are known as “blanket L-1 petitions.” These petitions cover multiple employees and entities under one umbrella petition, streamlining the visa application process for individual employees.

Timely Filing for Extension

The policy update clarifies that if an organization fails to timely file an extension for an already approved blanket L-1 petition, it does not trigger a 3-year waiting period before another blanket petition can be filed. This update relieves organizations of the concern of potential waiting periods should they miss the extension deadline for whatever reason.

Why Does This Matter?

Understanding these nuances is essential for both employers and employees to navigate the L-1 visa process efficiently. Misinterpreting the rules could lead to unnecessary delays, denials, and potentially costly legal battles. For organizations, in particular, understanding the fine print can save both time and resources.


The recent USCIS policy update is aimed at providing clarity and removing ambiguity surrounding the L-1 nonimmigrant visa classification especially in relation to sole proprietorship L-1. While the policy continues to disallow sole proprietors from filing an L-1 visa on their behalf, it provides useful clarifications around self-incorporated petitioners and blanket L-1 petitions. As immigration laws and policies continue to evolve, staying updated and consulting with immigration professionals is vital for both employees and employers involved in the L-1 visa process.