A Green Card holder or a lawful permanent resident (LPR) is someone who is allowed to reside and work permanently in the United States. As a proof of status, an individual is granted a permanent resident card, commonly called a ‘Green Card’. A green card holder enjoys almost all the rights that a U.S. citizen has, to work and live in the U.S., except they cannot vote in federal or state elections. Though a green card permits an individual to live permanently in the U.S., under certain circumstances they can lose this right.
- Green card can be obtained through one of the following process: family-based, employment-based, diversity visa (lottery), refugee/political asylum, or victims of certain crimes & informants;
- Few employment based categories allow an individual to self-sponsor him/herself.
- Green card holders are required to file federal and state income tax returns;
- Green card holder needs a passport from his/her country of citizenship to travel outside the U.S.;
- Male green card holders between the ages 18 through 25 must register with the Selective Service;
- Green Card holders must notify the U.S. Citizenship & Immigration Service (USCIS) of their change of address within 10 days of moving within the United States or its territories;
- Green card holders may lose their green cards if they move to another country with intent to live in the country permanently or if they remain outside the United States for certain duration without obtaining a reentry permit.